Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and associated activities, shortly known as REDD+ is the priority program of Nepal's forestry sector. The REDD Implementation Center under the Ministry of Forests and Environment (MOFE) is the lead entity to carry out readiness activities, implement emission reduction programs and demonstrate results related to REDD+ in Nepal. Nepal's REDD+ readiness, process and results are guided by a number of frameworks including but are not limited to the Constitution of Nepal (2015), Forest Policy (2015), Forestry Sector Strategy (2016), Nationally Determined Contribution (2016), National REDD+ Strategy (2018), Readiness Preparation Proposal (2010) and associated other documents. The vision of Nepal National REDD+ Strategy is the 'enhanced carbon and non-carbon benefits of forest ecosystems contributing to the prosperity of the people of Nepal'. This vision will be achieved by reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and by undertaking sustainable management of forests aligning with effective fair and equitable benefit sharing with indigenous peoples, local communities, women, Dalits, Madhesis, poor and other marginalized groups, while adopting appropriate social and environmental safeguards. .
A three tiered institutional mechanism has been established at the central level in order to implement REDD+, consisting of National REDD+ Steering Committee (NRSC) chaired by the Minister for Forests and Environment, National REDD+ Coordination Committee (NRCC) chaired by the Secretary of Forests and Environment and the National REDD+ Centre (NRC) as the operational entity. Besides these mechanisms, a stakeholder forum has been established to engage a wide range of stakeholders in the entire REDD plus process.
Nepal has participated in REDD+ since 2008. Its readiness activities have been financially and technically assisted by World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility, UN-REDD and some bilateral and multilateral partners.